Data Cleaning with Pandas

Cleaning data involves dealing with missing values, correcting errors, standardizing formats, and removing duplicates, which ensures the quality and reliability of the results derived from data analysis.

Handling Missing Values

One of the first steps in data cleaning is managing missing values. Pandas provides several methods to deal with missing data:

  • dropna: This method allows you to drop rows or columns with missing values.
  • fillna: It lets you replace missing values with a specified value or method (like ffill or bfill for forward fill or backward fill).
df.fillna(0, inplace=True)

Data Type Conversion

Ensuring correct data types is crucial for analysis. Use astype to convert data types:

df['column'] = df['column'].astype('int')

Removing Duplicates

Duplicate data can lead to skewed analysis. Pandas `drop_duplicates()` method comes in handy:


Data Transformation

Often, data needs to be transformed to meet analysis requirements. This includes operations like normalization, scaling, or converting categorical data into numerical. Pandas provides methods like apply and map for such transformations.

Regular Expressions for Data Cleaning

For more complex cleaning tasks, like extracting information from strings or correcting formats, regular expressions (regex) can be used in combination with Pandas:

df['column'] = df['column'].str.replace(r'[Regex Pattern]', 'replacement')

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